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Key Moments of the Civil Rights Movement

  1. 1964: 1948: President Truman signs Executive Order 9981, desegregating the military
  2. 1954: Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court Case
  3. 1955: 14 year old Emmit Till is kidnapped, beaten, and shot to death
  4. 1955: Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on the bus, beginning the Montgomery Bus Boycott
  5. 1957: SCLC is established; Martin Luther King becomes president
  6. 1957: “Little Rock Nine” in Little Rock, Arkansas as nine students of color attempt to integrate a formerly white school
  7. 1960: Greensboro Sit-Ins
  8. 1960: SNCC founded
  9. 1961: “Freedom Rides” attempt to promote integration within the bus systems
  10. 1963: MLK writes “Letter from Birmingham Jail”
  11. 1963: Birmingham, Alabama protests result in police brutality
  12. 1963: March on Washington
  13. 1964: 19th Amendment abolishes poll tax
  14. 1964: efforts to register black voters in the South; known as Freedom Summer
  15. 1964: President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act
  16. 1965: Malcolm X is murdered
  17. 1965: Bloody Sunday; a march in Selma, Alabama is stopped with police violence and tear gas
  18. 1965: Congress passes the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  19. 1965: Race riots erupt in a black section of Los Angeles
  20. 1965: President Johnson Passes Executive Order 11246
  21. 1967: Loving v. Virginia
  22. 1968: Martin Luther King, at age 39, is shot
  23. 1968: President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968
  24. 1969:  Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education
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